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The Endangered Amur Leopard: Facts, Habitat, and Conservation

The Amur leopard is one of the most endangered big cats in the world, with only around 100 individuals remaining in the wild. These majestic animals are native to the Amur-Heilong region of eastern Russia and northeastern China, and their numbers have been drastically reduced due to habitat loss, poaching, and illegal trade.

Facts about the Amur leopard:

  • The Amur leopard is a medium-sized cat, weighing between 70 to 105 pounds and standing up to 28 inches tall at the shoulder.

  • They have a distinctive spotted coat that provides excellent camouflage in the forested regions they inhabit.

  • These leopards are solitary animals, except during mating season, which occurs between January and mid-February.

  • Their diet primarily consists of roe deer, sika deer, and hares.

  • The Amur leopard is capable of running at speeds of up to 37 miles per hour.

Habitat and Range:

The Amur leopard is found in the temperate forests of eastern Russia, mainly in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk regions. They also inhabit the Jilin Province in northeastern China. These big cats prefer to live in dense forests and mountains with abundant prey and water sources.

Conservation Efforts:

The Amur leopard is critically endangered, and numerous conservation efforts are in place to protect the remaining individuals. The Russian government has established several protected areas to safeguard their habitat, such as the Land of the Leopard National Park, which covers an area of 650,000 hectares.

International organizations, such as the World Wildlife Fund, have also taken steps to conserve the Amur leopard population. These efforts include anti-poaching patrols, education and awareness campaigns, and habitat restoration projects.


The Amur leopard is a beautiful and endangered species that faces numerous threats to its survival. However, conservation efforts have made progress in protecting their habitat and decreasing poaching and illegal trade. By continuing these efforts, we can help ensure that future generations will have the opportunity to admire and appreciate these magnificent big cats.


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